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Month 1

By the end of their first month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Recognise and turn toward familiar sounds and voices
  • Watch alertly when fed and spoken to

Visual Development

  • Focus on objects at a distance of approximately 20-30 cm
  • Focus on a human face
  • Be sensitive to the brightness and intensity of colour
  • Notice the difference between light and dark

Growth

  • Weigh about 4.2 kg if she’s a girl or about 4.5 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 53.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 54.7 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Lift their head briefly while lying on their stomach
  • Bring both hands within range of eyes and mouth
  • Keep hands in tight fists

Social and Emotional Development

  • Become more alert and responsive
  • Stop crying when picked up and spoken to
  • Start to smile, although not deliberately

Month 2

By the end of their second month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Begin to coo and repeat a string of the same sounds

Visual Development

  • Recognise their parents’ faces
  • Watch an object that moves slowly across their line of vision

Growth

  • Weigh about 5.1 kg if she’s a girl or about 5.6 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 57.1 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 58.4 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Show better control of their head, lifting it from time to time
  • Begin to swipe at objects with their hands
  • Become aware of their own fingers

Social and Emotional Development

  • Smile in response to your smile
  • Show recognition of parents by punching their arms in the air or kicking with their legs

Month 3

By the end of their third month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Begin to babble
  • Begin to imitate some sounds
  • Communicate with a variety of sounds and gestures
  • Show excitement to familiar situations like feeding time

Visual Development

  • Focus on faces and watch them attentively
  • Recognise familiar people and objects at a distance
  • Start using their hands and eyes in coordination
  • Distinguish between different colours

Growth

  • Weigh about 5.8 kg if she’s a girl or about 6.4 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 59.8 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 61.4 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Be able to hold their head almost steady with little or no head lag when pulled to a sitting position
  • Raise their head and chest while lying on their stomach
  • Support their upper body with their arms when lying on their stomach
  • Open and close their hands
  • Push down with their legs when their feet are placed on a firm surface
  • Bring their hands to their mouth
  • Be able to grip a toy

Social and Emotional Development

  • Smile at the sound of a parent’s voice
  • Begin to develop a social smile
  • Enjoy meeting other people
  • Show more expressive responses
  • Imitate some movements and facial expressions

Month 4

By the end of their fourth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Babble regularly, using rhythms and inflections
  • Display curiosity about new things and sensations

Visual Development

  • Respond to a full range of colours and shades
  • Be able to follow faster movements with their eyes
  • See nearby objects and reach for them

Growth

  • Weigh about 6.4 kg if she’s a girl or about 7.0 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 62.1 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 63.9 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Be able to hold up their head and chest while using their elbows for support
  • Be able to bring their thumbs and small objects to their mouth
  • Be able to hold their head steady while being pulled to a sitting position
  • Start to roll over from stomach to back

Social and Emotional Development

  • Start to show dislikes by turning away from unwelcome things
  • Have a variety of facial expressions to show their feelings

Month 5

By the end of their fifth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Begin to understand cause and effect
  • Spend more time examining objects
  • Start to understand simple games

Visual Development

  • Be able to pay attention to a very small object
  • Move their head and eyes when they notice activity
  • Have both eyes working together

Growth

  • Weigh about 6.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 7.5 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 64.0 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 65.9 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Hold their head steady when upright
  • May move short distances by rocking on their stomach, kicking their legs, and swimming with their arms
  • Reach for objects
  • Grab their own toes and pull them toward their mouth

Social and Emotional Development

  • Like to play “peek-a-boo,” which involves repeatedly hiding and revealing a face
  • Be happy to play and interact with others
  • Be very affectionate with and excited at seeing their parents

Month 6

By the end of their sixth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Make noises to get attention
  • Start to obey the social rules of conversation, such as pausing from babbling while you talk

Visual Development

  • Be able to identify and distinguish between objects
  • Smile when seeing their photograph or reflection in a mirror
  • Look at interesting objects for a longer period of time

Growth

  • Weigh about 7.3 kg if she’s a girl or about 7.9 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 65.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 67.6 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Roll from back to stomach
  • Sit upright if supported
  • Pass objects from one hand to the other
  • Grasp and shake a rattle

Social and Emotional Development

  • Recognise different emotions, such as joy and sadness, and respond appropriately
  • Begin to be shy with strangers

Month 7

By the end of their seventh month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Respond to their own name
  • Begin to respond to “no”
  • Respond to sounds by making sounds
  • Babble chains of consonants
  • Find partially hidden objects

Visual Development

  • Have developed full colour vision
  • Have mature distance vision
  • Be able to track moving objects well

Growth

  • Weigh about 7.6 kg if she’s a girl or about 8.3 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 67.3 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 69.2 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Sit without support
  • Drink from a cup with your assistance
  • Roll both ways - from stomach to back, and from back to front
  • Support their entire weight on their legs

Social and Emotional Development

  • Respond to other people’s expressions of emotion
  • Use their own voice to express joy and unhappiness
  • Try to attract attention through their actions

Month 8

By the end of their eighth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Be curious about everything
  • Move rapidly from one activity to the next
  • Look for a dropped toy or object
  • Continue to babble often
  • Start to develop a sense that their behaviour and actions can influence events in the surrounding world

Visual Development

  • Be able to perceive distance and will move toward objects to gain clarity
  • Start to understand the concept of object permanence.

Growth

  • Weigh about 7.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 8.6 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 68.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 70.6 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Roll over repeatedly
  • Get into a crawling position and rock
  • Start to pick up objects using their thumb and fingers

Social and Emotional Development

  • Look at strangers seriously instead of greeting them with a smile
  • Be very attached to their parents, perhaps crying when left alone at naptime or bedtime

Month 9

By the end of their ninth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Recognise familiar games and rhymes
  • Pay careful attention to people, things and activities happening in their environment
  • Examine and manipulate objects with great interest
  • Vocalise on purpose as a way to communicate

Visual Development

  • Track falling objects and know where to look for them
  • Distinguish familiar faces from those of strangers

Growth

  • Weigh about 8.2 kg if she’s a girl or about 8.9 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 70.1 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 72.0 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Use their index finger and thumb to “pincer-grasp” objects
  • Pull themselves up to a standing position and maintain it briefly
  • Wiggle while lying on their stomach, and perhaps start to crawl
  • Have good balance and be able to sit for 10-15 minutes at a time

Social and Emotional Development

  • Start to make likes and dislikes clear by behaving eagerly or resisting
  • Reach the peak of their anxiety about strangers

Month 10

By the end of their tenth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Show increased curiosity about everything
  • Understand and respond to some simple commands and words
  • Be interested in picture books
  • Communicate through gestures like holding out their arms to be picked up

Visual Development

  • Begin to have depth perception, which makes it possible for them to see the world in three dimensions

Growth

  • Weigh about 8.5 kg if she’s a girl or about 9.2 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 71.5 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 73.3 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Learn to crawl
  • Stand while holding on to someone or something
  • Be skilled at using their fingers to grasp things
  • Hold an object in each hand and bang the objects together

Social and Emotional Development

  • Object if you take a toy away
  • Like to laugh
  • Wave goodbye

Month 11

By the end of their eleventh month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Understand the word “no” but not always obey it
  • Combine different sounds and vary the tone of their voice
  • Start to be more conscious of people around them
  • Understand much of what is said to and around them

Visual Development

  • Be intrigued by and be able to follow objects that are fast moving

Growth

  • Weigh about 8.7 kg if she’s a girl or about 9.4 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 72.8 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 74.5 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Start to cruise around furniture and walk with support
  • Move from sitting to crawling and back to sitting with ease
  • Drop objects on purpose
  • Cooperate with dressing by actions such as putting their arm through a sleeve

Social and Emotional Development

  • Show affection to parents and regular caregivers
  • Start to develop independence and try to do things without help

Month 12

By the end of their twelfth month, a baby may:

Mental Development

  • Concentrate when listening to their favourite story
  • Recognise certain objects in books and point to them
  • Begin to understand simple questions
  • Speak the first word, usually “mama” or “dada”
  • Be able to identify certain objects and understand what they are, such as cat

Visual Development

  • See moving objects clearly and with great interest
  • Recognise familiar people from a distance of 6 metres or more

Growth

  • Weigh about 8.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 9.6 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 74 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 75.7 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Be able to stand for a moment without support
  • Walk two or three steps without support
  • Use a spoon with increased skill
  • Put objects into a container
  • Start to throw objects

Social and Emotional Development

  • Return hugs with affection
  • Play simple games, such as `pat-a-cake`
  • Like to be constantly within sight and hearing of a familiar adult
  • Be an active and responsive part of the family

Months 13-15

By the end of the fifteenth month, your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Start to understand basic instructions
  • Imitate activities
  • Attempt to touch every object within reach, because of curiosity
  • Understand that their name is unique to them
  • Use gestures to communicate needs
  • Use a few recognisable words correctly
  • Point to an object that they want

Visual Development

  • Carefully watch movement of people and things
  • Place an object in hole of corresponding shape
  •  Recognise their own face in the mirror
  •  Look and touch coloured pictures with interest

Growth

13 Months
  • Weigh about 9.2 kg if she’s a girl or about 9.9 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 75.2 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 76.9 cm tall if he’s a boy
14 Months
  •  Weigh about 9.4 kg if she’s a girl or about 10.1 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 76.4 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 78 cm tall if he’s a boy
15 Months
  • Weigh about 9.6 kg if she’s a girl or about 10.3 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 77.5 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 79.1 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Pick up very small morsels of food using their thumb and forefinger
  • Like to touch different textures—sticky, squishy, etc.
  • Walk fairly well, though sometimes unsteadily
  • Learn to walk backward by 14 months
  • Be able to stand alone for long periods of time
  • Be able to bend over and stand back up again while maintaining their balance
  • Put an object into a container
  • Be able to lie down from the sitting position
  • Bring a spoon to their mouth, but lose some of the food

Social and Emotional Development

  • Show some signs of independence, such as self-feeding
  • Be torn between independence and clinging to their parents at times
  • Be able to indicate what he wants in ways other than crying
  • Be happy to encounter other children
  • Say “no” to you sometimes to demonstrate their new-found identity
  • Be loving and affectionate
  • Find reassurance in having parents around
  • Have a “blankey” or security object

Months 16-18

By the end of the eighteenth month, your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Make some animal sounds
  • Use mostly single words, but understand many simple words said to them
  • Be able to point to some parts of their body when you name them
  • Be ready for “real thought,” that is, to form mental images and symbols that represent objects or actions
  • Speak at least 6 and possibly as many as 20 recognisable words
  • Refer to themselves by name
  • Enjoy listening to nursery rhymes and join in
  • “Talk” to themselves when playing

Visual Development

  • Recognise familiar objects and pictures in books and surroundings
  • Look towards and signals to request for objects they want
  • Watch and retrieve a rolling ball as far away as 3 metres
  • Point to distant objects outdoors

Growth

16 Months
  • Weigh about 9.8 kg if she’s a girl or about 10.5 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 78.6 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 80.2 cm tall if he’s a boy
17 Months
  • Weigh about 10 kg if she’s a girl or about 10.7 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 79.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 81.2 cm tall if he’s a boy
18 Months
  • Weigh about 10.2 kg if she’s a girl or about 10.9 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 80.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 82.3 cm tall if he’s a boy
 

Motor Development

  • Scribble with a crayon
  • Carry things while walking
  • Like to climb on things
  • Build a tower of 2 blocks
  • Play with push along toys
  • Be able to help take their clothes off
  • Climb into a chair and sit
  • Walk more steadily, but with feet slightly apart
  • Pick up food and small objects more competently
  • Start to show a preference for one hand over the other
  • Push and pull objects

Social and Emotional Development

  • Become frustrated when they can’t do something
  • Be very suspicious of strangers
  • Demonstrate a strong preference for one parent, usually Mummy
  • Show a growing desire for independence
  • Start to “test the limits” to see what behaviours are acceptable
  • Start to have temper tantrums
  • Play alone for short periods
  • Like to help with household tasks
  • Be somewhat reluctant to separate from their parents
  • Continue to hold on to a “security blanket” or suck their thumb when insecure or tired

Months 19-21

By the end of the twenty-first months, your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Imitate with greater precision the actions of parents
  • Use two-word phrases, usually a noun and a verb
  • Play pretend games like driving the car or making dinner
  • Know where to find things. For example, go to the door to go out or to the cabinet for a biscuit
  • Remember where they left things or where they belong
  • Ask for food, toys and other familiar items
  • Identify two pictures by pointing
  • Know how to use the word “yes”
  • Start to use deductive reasoning, that is to take two pieces of information and come to a conclusion without having to try an experiment. For example, your child might pull a chair over if they are trying to get something that is out of her reach

Visual Development

  • Have better eye-hand coordination
  • Be able to focus on objects near and far

Growth

19 Months
  • Weigh about 10.4 kg if she’s a girl or about 11.1 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 81.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 83.2 cm tall if he’s a boy
20 Months
  • Weigh about 10.6 kg if she’s a girl or about 11.3 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 82.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 84.2 cm tall if he’s a boy
21 Months
  • Weigh about 10.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 11.5 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 83.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 85.1 cm tall if he’s a boy
 

Motor Development

  • Drink from a cup, using both hands, without much spilling
  • Start to run
  • Walk up steps while holding on to railing for support
  • Use a spoon and fork, but not all the time
  • Like to take things apart
  • Kick a ball forward
  • Take off an article of clothing
  • Put things together

Social and Emotional Development

  • Start to understand the concepts of “you” and “me”
  • Play beside another child, but not with the other child
  • Almost always be busy doing something as they learn about people and things
  • Be more interested in exploring since they can now move horizontally and vertically
  • Have a habit of pushing other children and grabbing things from them, because they have not yet learned how to control aggressive instincts
  • Be eager to have a conversation with you, which they often start by asking “what’s this”
  • Get someone’s attention to show them something
  • Express their feelings through words or negative behaviour

Months 22-24

By the end of the twenty-fourth months, your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Start to understand more complicated requests
  • Understand major differences, but not minor differences, in size of objects
  • Frequently ask “what’s that?”
  • Can remember past events and anticipate future happenings
  • Name pictures of common objects
  • Listen to conversations directed to them
  • Use a combination of words
  • Describe the characteristics of some items
  • Engage in some simple pretend play
  • Understand as many as 300 words and simple conversations
  • Understand and use the word “no” emphatically

Visual Development

  • Be able to match familiar shapes
  • Imitate drawing straight line or circle by scribbling with crayon or pencil
  • Have a visual acuity level of approximately 20/60
  • Be able to name familiar miniature toys at a distance of 3 metres

Growth

22 Months
  • Weigh about 11.1 kg if she’s a girl or about 11.8 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 84.6 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 86 cm tall if he’s a boy
23 Months
  • Weigh about 11.3 kg if she’s a girl or about 12.0 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 85.5 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 86.9 cm tall if he’s a boy
24 Months
  • Weigh about 11.5 kg if she’s a girl or about 12.2 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 85.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 87.1 cm tall if he’s a boy
 

Motor Development

  • Be able to combine two or three simple body movements without significant practice
  • Build a tower of four blocks
  • Put lids on containers and take them off
  • Put pegs into holes
  • Turn switches on and off
  • Remove clothing and shoes, but are not able to dress themselves well
  • Manoeuvre around objects skillfully and easily
  • Walk well, going heel to toe like grown-ups
  • Throw a small ball
  • Climb up and down the stairs alone, with both feet to a step
 

Social and Emotional Development

  • Be more resistant to going to bed
  • Like to do things for themselves
  • Chatter to themselves while daydreaming as a way to process their thoughts
  • Explores people through imitating what they do
  • Be completely unaware of the chaos and mess they cause by attempting to imitate others
  • Will be possessive of their belongings and claim them as “mine”
  • Enjoys fetching and delivering things
  • Engage in more pretend play
  • Demand a lot of their caregiver’s attention

Months 25-27

By the end of the twenty-seventh months, your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Listen closely to other people’s conversations
  • Know many body parts
  • Point to and name common objects
  • Have a rapidly growing vocabulary
  • Sometimes become completely absorbed in whatever activity they are doing
  • Create own words if they don’t know the right one to express their idea
  • Chatter constantly

Visual Development

  • Recognise themselves in a photograph
  • Enjoy looking at detailed pictures
  • Be more interested in objects in the distance
  • May be easily distracted as peripheral vision improves
  • Look through picture books and study objects in their hands more closely

Growth

25 Months
  • Weigh about 11.7 kg if she’s a girl or about 12.4 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 86.6 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 88 cm tall if he’s a boy
26 Months
  • Weigh about 11.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 12.5 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 87.4 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 88.8 cm tall if he’s a boy
27 Months
  • Weigh about 12.1 kg if she’s a girl or about 12.7 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 88.3 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 89.6 cm tall if he’s a boy
 

Motor Development

  • Be able to hold a small glass with both hands
  • Open boxes to see what is inside
  • Dance to familiar music
  • Be able to wash and dry their hands
  • Brush their teeth with some help
  • Put on an item of clothing on their own
  • Start to unwrap objects
  • Be able to run, but may trip or have trouble coming to a stop
  • Be able to climb up almost anything, but may have trouble getting down
  • Jump, getting both feet off the floor

Social and Emotional Development

  • May occasionally bite others when angry or frustrated
  • Strive for a sense of independence
  • Be extremely curious about everything
  • Have difficulty sitting still and being quiet
  • Make their feelings (whether they be happy or grumpy) very apparent
  • Become over stimulated sometimes because they are not yet able to selectively tune out sights, sounds, and sensations
  • Show more signs of independence—“me do it” is their motto
  • Test limits, but respond to consistent, reasonable discipline
  • Respond well to a consistent schedule of daily activities

Months 28-30

By the end of the thirtieth months, your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Start to understand simple explanations that you give when you say “no”
  • Talk to themselves sometimes, because it is easier to formulate their thoughts that way
  • Practice their language and understanding skills through ‘make-believe play’
  • Use sorting to classify things by size, number or colour
  • Be able to apply general principles to solve practical problems
  • Know some nursery rhymes
  • Play purposefully with dolls, cars, and other toys
  • Start to learn to count

Visual Development

  • Develop their visual skills as they continue to play with blocks or finger paints
  • Watch their hand while scribbling with crayons, which improves their eye-hand coordination
  • Know some colours
  • Recognise intricate details in pictures

Growth

28 Months
  • Weigh about 12.3 kg if she’s a girl or about 12.9 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 89.1 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 90.4 cm tall if he’s a boy
29 Months
  • Weigh about 12.5 kg if she’s a girl or about 13.1 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 89.9 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 91.2 cm tall if he’s a boy
30 Months
  • Weigh about 12.7 kg if she’s a girl or about 13.3 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 90.7 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 91.9 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Enjoy their ability to move around so much that they may be unhappy when you restrict them
  • Like to turn knobs
  • Be able to play games and sing songs that require actions
  • Be able to unscrew lids
  • Be able to bang on a drum with a stick or make music with a xylophone
  • Start to walk downstairs with a little help and both feet on each step
  • Be able to climb on basic playground equipment such as slides
  • Hold a pencil in the preferred hand
  • Copy a circle and a simple line
  • Not yet have good control of all their muscles—they may squeeze too tightly or let go too suddenly

Social and Emotional Development

  • May be fearful of some things or situations, but unable to express their fear
  • May sometimes be jealous and show signs of anger or frustration toward a sibling
  • Be very interested in having some control over situations and experiences
  • Respond well to “order” in their environment
  • Be able to practice simple good manners, such as saying “please” and “thank you”
  • Start to understand the concept of time—that certain events occur at a particular time of day
  • Still rely on parents for reassurance
  • Shift from one emotional extreme to another, sometimes without warning
  • Still be too inexperienced to be able to make choices well
  • Not yet be able to unwind or relax easily before going to sleep

Months 31-33

By the end of the thirty-third, months your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Play make-believe with common objects from around the house
  • Hold a conversation of two or three sentences
  • Be able to express their needs and wants verbally
  • Identify a friend by naming them
  • Be able to concentrate on a task for a short period of time
  • Know size differences and be able to select the “big” ball or the “little” ball
  • Understand basic cause-and-effect relationships
  • Refer to themselves using the word “I”

Visual Development

  • Identify a square or circle

Growth

31 Months
  • Weigh about 12.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 13.5 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 91.4 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 92.7 cm tall if he’s a boy
32 Months
  • Weigh about 13.1 kg if she’s a girl or about 13.7 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 92.2 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 93.4 cm tall if he’s a boy
33 Months
  • Weigh about 13.3 kg if she’s a girl or about 13.8 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 92.9 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 94.1 cm tall if he’s a boy
 

Motor Development

  • Like to make music with real or homemade instruments
  • Start to lift their pencil or crayon off the paper at regular intervals to do pretend “writing”
  • Be able to kick a ball a short distance
  • Be getting better at throwing a ball well over arm
  • Be able to wrap up objects
  • Balance on each foot for one second
  • Be able to mix ingredients and do other simple food preparation tasks with supervision

Social and Emotional Development

  • Need to try both options before choosing one when making a decision
  • Be likely to have a temper tantrum if “forced” into a course of behaviour
  • Likely to be more cooperative if they learn that you are going to be firm with them
  • Use language to try to get their own way
  • Learn how to get along with others
  • Prefer a predictable routine related to sleeping, eating and other basic activities
  • Learn how to share possessions with others
  • Mimic adult behaviour when asked to show feelings such as anger or happiness
  • Have an imaginary friend

Months 34-36

By the end of the thirty-sixth months your toddler may be able to do the following:

Mental Development

  • Start to remember past events
  • Start to understand the concept of opposites
  • Be able to be understood by a stranger when they are speaking
  • Use the pronouns “I,” “me,” and “you”
  • Be excited to listen to a story
  • Like to hear favourite stories repeated again and again
  • Ask questions constantly
  • Recognise their name in written form and know two or more letters
  • Sort objects according to shape
  • Listen to and answer questions
  • Speak in three-word sentences

Visual Development

  • Closely watch pages while turning them
  • Match items of the same colour
  • Easily follow a moving object

Growth

34 Months
  • Weigh about 13.5 kg if she’s a girl or about 14.0 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 93.6 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 94.8 cm tall if he’s a boy
35 Months
  • Weigh about 13.7 kg if she’s a girl or about 14.2 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 94.4 cm tall if she’s a girl or about 95.4 cm tall if he’s a boy
36 Months
  • Weigh about 13.9 kg if she’s a girl or about 14.3 kg if he’s a boy
  • Be about 95.1 cm tall is she’s a girl or about 96.1 cm tall if he’s a boy

Motor Development

  • Be able to pedal a tricycle
  • Bend over easily without falling
  • Turn book pages one at a time
  • Make vertical, horizontal, and circular strokes with a pencil or crayon
  • Build complex structures with blocks
  • Be able to cut with scissors and paste with glue
  • Have become more skillful in dressing and undressing themselves
  • Be more agile in use of playground equipment
  • Be able to stand for a short time on one foot
  • Throw and kick balls reasonably well
  • Thread large beads
  • Hold a pencil between thumb and first two fingers
  • Paint with a large brush
  • Cut with child safety scissors

Social and Emotional Development

  • Start to play more with other children
  • Be bossy sometimes when they play with others
  • Start to have empathy for the feelings of others
  • Be less demanding of their parents because they can do so many things on their own
  • Entertain themselves with a variety of activities
  • Be more orderly and organised
  • Still be impatient at times, but more willing to wait at this age
  • Tell lies or fibs sometimes
  • Be less likely to have tantrums
  • Be more agreeable to following instructions
  • Have one or two special friends

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